Sunday, May 24, 2020
The Chinese One Child Policy As China is having an enormous economic expansion it is also facing many problems. One of the major problems people have become more and more concerned about is the countrys population. At the dawn of this century there were some 426 million people living in China. Today the population is about 1.2 billion. About two-thirds of this 900 million increase was added within the last 50 years. In another word, the population has tripled since the Peoples Republic of China was grounded. Today the mainland China alone contributes to at least 20% of the worlds population. It is also very well known all over the world that in China couples nowadays are not allowed to have more than one child. This policy wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Also, with the shift in the labor force from more strenuous work that was once the majority, to light industry, the need for male children is decreased. Especially in the cities there is almost no such discrimination. So hopefully the problem will not be long-lasting. In order to escape from the taxes and other punishments of having more than one child, many families simply do not report the birth of new babies. This phenomenon is more common in the countryside because the control is looser and it is easier to get a job and house. This makes the statistics from the government more or less doubtful because the figures do not include the so-called black population. Many of them could not have enough and proper education and other social benefits. Thus they have to start to work much earlier. It is for example very common in some poor rural areas that girls in the family have to give up school so the family can afford the boys education. People in rural areas usually are allowed to have two children since the beginning of 1986 while it is strictly forbidden in cities. (However, this exemption was withdrawn in 1995) Researchers have also found that people with lower education tend to have more children in average (of course it is not true in every case). Since families with higher education and better economy usually have fewer children and vice versa, the difference between the spending on each child will somewhat increase. Some experts are thusShow MoreRelatedChinaÃ¢â¬ËS One Child Policy648 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSophy Huang DSOC Essay 5 Revision 9 April 2012 ItÃ¢â¬â¢s time to change a manufacturing model In the last two decades, ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy has grown rapidly, becoming the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s second largest economy after the U.S. China has gained this achievement by becoming the factory of the world and exporting cheap products to oversea markets. However, recently China has been losing its advantages in the export sector, which its economy is heavily reliant on. New data shows a visible slowdown in manufacturingRead MoreChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One Child Policy1305 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One Child Policy There are more than 1.3 billion people living and building families in China. Until a century ago, many Chinese families included multiple generations living in the same household. Today, though, its no longer the norm. A typical Chinese family today includes a married man and woman with one child, and this is generally known as the core family. The percentage of core families continues to rise above other types of family units. This not due to a social coincidenceRead MoreChinas One Child Policy954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespopulation containment by way of a Ã¢â¬Ë One-Child PoliceÃ¢â¬â¢, to alleviate its social and economic problems (Jiang, 2010). The population had been well-controlled during the past 30 years and according to the National Bureau of Statistics, the policy has helped prevent 400 million births and contributed greatly to economic growth (Government net, 2011). However, the one- child policy is like a double edged sword. Although there are positive outcomes, Fro m the policy, there are also many negative issuesRead MoreChinas One Child Policy971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChinas one child policy China has had a one child policy since 1980. The one child policy limits the fertility rate that each woman can have only one child in efforts to cut down the population, and undo what Mao Zedong did to early China. MaoÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to make China the next superpower nation by encouraging people to have many children. Unfortunately, Mao did not know that he was moving China backwards with this kind of thinking. In 1949 after a long civil war over who controlled China, MaoRead MoreChinas One-Child Policy3129 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesChina who has one of the largest population in the world with over 1.3 billion people, has taken a stance against over population. By introducing ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One-Child Policy (Family Planning Policy) in 1979, China hopes to decrease its countryÃ¢â¬â¢s annual population growth. China has implemented the policy by many different ways; propaganda, taxation, and multiple forms of birth control. Though ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s intentions are to give its citizens better living conditions by enforcing its policy, many controversialRead MoreChinas One Child Policy4037 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One Child Policy; Impacts on the Society, the Economy, and the People. By David Goheen Due: December 14, 2007 Executive Summary During the years before the implementation of the One Child Policy, the leaders of China were involved in wars, a great leap forward, and an industrial revolution. In the last twenty five years ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s One Child Policy has affected the country in every way one can imagine. This paper will attempt to explore the major ways the policy has affected theRead MoreChinas One Child Policy Essay1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGovernment Action on Population Control and Chinas One Child Policy One of the more extreme measures taken in an attempt to control population has been Chinas one-child policy. Population advocate Garet Hardin suggests the rest of the world adopt similar policies. This paper is to show a countrys government acting on theories that Hardin is popular for and the ethical and environmental effects that it had on people and the land. Hardin fails to see the ethical problems laid out by governmentsRead MoreEssay On Chinas One Child Policy766 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Policy for the Better China, in the late 1970s, had an unbelievable population; close to one billion. With such an alarming number of people and limited resources, even in such a large nation, there had to be an even larger change. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s one-child policy was a remedy to this problem, and helped Chinese citizens in many ways. Without the policy, China would have many economic problems and serves all of China with its rules. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s one-child policy was an excellent idea for China and its peopleRead MoreEssay On Chinas One Child Policy1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s one-child policy made it illegal for most Chinese couples to have more than one child. It was the culmination of the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s long struggle to control population growth. The policy was enforced mainly through financial incentives and punishments, but in rural areas brutal enforcement techniques like non-consensual sterilization and abortion were sometimes used. While the policy did reduce the population, it also caused problems such as an unbalanced male-female sex ratio and Ã¢â¬Å"4:2:1 familiesRead MoreChinas One Child Policy Essay1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontribute significantly to the nations poverty levels and restrain its potential for economic growth. (Gu 42) Chinas one-child family policy was first announced in 1979. In a 1979 speech, Deng Xiaoping drew the first outlines of a policy to limit population growth, Use whatever means you must to control Chinas population. Just do it. (Mosher 50) Basically the aim of Chinas one-child family policy was to help slow population growth to 1.2 billion by the year 2000. It was hoped that third and higher
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The rank structure for leadership in the United States Army is broken down between Commissioned Officers and Non Commissioned Officers (NCOs), and they both have very different roles. Officers are in charge of planning for operations and taking responsibility of the unit and the mission (those who set the standards for public education), while NCOs, who are considered the backbone of the Army, are in charge of teaching and leading the junior soldiers and accomplishing operations (like the teachers in the classrooms with students every day). According to the NCO Creed Ã¢â¬Å"My two basic responsibilities will always be uppermost in my mindÃ¢â¬âaccomplishment of my mission and the welfare of my Soldiers.Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"The NCO Creed.Ã¢â¬ 1974). Education of studentsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Teachers should be trained and proficient in the different methods of learning. It is important that teachers implement different tactics to address the diverse learning needs of their st udents. It is common knowledge that the early schools in America were extremely biased in favor of wealthy, white, males and heavily based in the Christian religion, and while schools have come a long way in inclusion, equality, and regulation of its education it is still modeled after those schools that were operated in the past. That is because the original structure of the public school system works, the concept of one specialized and professional teacher educating one or multiple pupils with knowledge that aims to help them to become successful contributing members of society and the very best versions of themselves. The purpose of school should be to provide a safe place for students to spend their time expanding their knowledge in the traditional subjects, learning social skills by interacting with peers, coping mechanisms, resiliency skills, and problem solving skills. These are skills that will teach them to be responsible contributing members in society. Additionally, empha sizing culture is important in the classroom, educators and administrators should encourage a strong sense of identity in students while also providing adequate multiculturalShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Behavior Of The United States Marine Corps1602 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof how dynamic it can be than the United States Marine Corps. Rich in its tradition and history, the United States Marine Corps has a robust structure, very unique culture, and a fervent passion that is almost indescribable as words will only fail to articulate what it means to be a Marine. This inevitable failure of an attempt will begin anyways, but in the hopes that some learning will occur, as we study what is the organizational behavior of the United States Marine Corps. The Marine Corps isRead MoreRespect and Why the Marine Corps Has a Rank Structure. Essay1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRespect and why the Marine Corps has a rank structure. There are very few things in the modern military of today or any military that has ever existed before our current military for that matter, that are more important than the rank structure and the the respect that is demanded of you by that rank structure. Those are two very important characteristics of every successful military unit. With added details here and there, in this essay I will mainly be discussing what respect actually is, howRead MoreAbstract. This Paper Will Explore The Roles And Motivational1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract This paper will explore the roles and motivational factors of Commissioned Officers in the United States military. The professional leader lives and embodies the values of the organizational culture that is the military. The military is constructed upon a hierarchal organization structure composed of individuals with the yearning to lead others to the standards set in place by military ethos. The role of a commissioned officer is to embody these values in and out of uniform while also leadingRead MoreChain of Command1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfind any information to support or oppose this assumption. The chainÃ of the command defines the relationship of juniors andÃ seniorsÃ within Army organization. An effective chain of command is essential for the Army toÃ carry outÃ itsÃ mission. Good leadership supports an effective chain of command. The chainÃ of command serves severalÃ purposesÃ in theÃ accomplishmentÃ of the ArmyÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ mission. It defines responsibilities and identifies accountability. Properly used, it providesÃ directionÃ and smooth communicationsRead MoreAcademic Essay - Military Leadership Theory1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAcademic Essay - Military Leadership Theory ABSTRACT While researching the Military Leadership theory I was able to discover many interesting philosophies and ideals that transfer seamlessly to the business world. It is my belief that many of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations derive their structure to the militaryÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchical structure and leadership model. This is evident by almost every organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"top downÃ¢â¬ management structure regardless of its size. As I will discuss, the military typicallyRead MoreUs And Japan Business : A Culture Of Progress1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbusiness efforts, cultural differences would certainly have a significant impact on management style, leadership and even work ethic of the employees. The United States and Japan are both strong economic powers that hold to a capitalistic economic system. Their management styles, however, are very different. This can often be explained through the differences in culture and management or leadership styles. Over the years, the two count ries somehow maintain very strong business harmony despite theirRead MoreThe Contribution Of The Salvation Army1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessince its founding. All operations of the organization follow in accordance with the Gospel of Jesus Christ allowing for a more spiritually driven structure rather than a profit driven organization. Peter Drucker, who many consider to be the father of modern management theory, said the Salvation Army is the Ã¢â¬Å"most effective organization in the United StatesÃ¢â¬ . After all, of the companies listed on the Dow Jones in 1896 only one, General Electric, withstood the test of time and exists today alongside theRead MoreDoes The Current Army Promotion Board Structure Create Bad Leaders?1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDoes the Current Army Promotion Board Structure Create Bad Leaders? For more than three decades, Army Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) were part of an era of fast promotions through the NCO ranks, with some Military Occupation Specialty (MOS) seeing Soldiers make the rank of Sergeant First Class (SFC) with six to seven years time in service (TIS). Since the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, the United States military was facing a challenge that produced two separate operations simultaneouslyRead MoreReaching For The Stars Unless You re Black1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe United States Army being one of the oldest organization in American, they have undoubtable faced its share of diversity issue, they are an organization, with the need to operate under the strictest hierarchical structure. This structure is imperative to their mission to serve and protect the free people of this country and to uphold the Constitution that affords it. Alas, the structure begs for internal oppression of minorities, due to the need and desire by its members to advan ce in rank. TheRead MoreThe Subculture of the United States Army Essay1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOne subculture within the United States is that of the US Army. The Army defends the nation against all enemies, foreign and domestic. It is an exclusive group since not everyone in the country serves in the Army. The US ArmyÃ¢â¬â¢s official birthday is June 14, 1775, however its origins are much earlier than that. During British colonialism, citizens often had to take up arms to defend themselves, primarily against the Indians, since the British did not have a significant military presence in America
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Ë Government Regulation of Tobacco Products Kyle Luckritz Corporate and Social Responsibility BUS 250 Dr. Woods 03/29/13 1. Would you describe the orientation of Reynolds toward tobacco regulation as cooperative or at armÃ¢â¬â¢s length essay writer service review? How about the attitude of Altria? What do you think explains the differences between the two companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ positions? Reynolds was far from cooperative. We will write a custom essay sample on Government and Tabacoo Industry or any similar topic only for you Order Now They would definitely be considered at armÃ¢â¬â¢s length and ready and willing to fight. Based off the information from the text, the company ran a series of television advertisements that showed the FDA as being overwhelmed and incapable of properly ensuring food and drug safety. While this was Reynolds view and what they did, AltriaÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude would be considered cooperative. This is because they wanted a Ã¢â¬Å"seat at the tableÃ¢â¬ as the bill was being discussed in Congress. (Lawrence Weber, 2011) Altria knew that the law would most likely pass anyways, so they took a position that supported the Legislation. They wanted make sure cigarettes would not be outlawed entirely. What explains the difference between the two is that Reynolds was the worst offender when it came to advertising tobacco products to children. In 2008, six states sued the company for using cartoons in advertisement that dealt with cigarettes. This is part of why Reynolds took the stance they did. 2. What public policy inputs, goals, tools, and effects can be found in this discussion case? Public policy inputs are considered external forces that help to shape a governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s policy when making decisions and strategies to address a certain issue or problem. An example of this in this case would be the U. S Surgeon General and the medical reports that declared cigarettes as a health hazard. Another would include the six states that sued the Reynolds Company for violating the agreement about advertisements and cartoons. Public policy goals are usually very broad views that are set to help serve several people. The Tobacco Regulation Act of 2009 is meant to protect the youth of America from cigarettes. This law could also expose the tobacco industry to increased financial risks through lower sales and might violate the companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ first amendment rights to free speech to advertise their products. Another would be the 1998 agreement not to use cartoons in cigarette advertisements which also helps to protect the youth. Public policy tools include incentives and penalties that the government uses citizens and businesses to act in ways that achieve policy goals. Some of the tools the government used include banning tobacco advertisements 1,000 feet from schools and playgrounds and warning labels on 50% of the space on each package. This helps to reach the goal of protecting AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s youth and making people aware of the consequences. Other tools include, Ã¢â¬Å"Prohibiting distribution of free samples of cigarettes, restricting distribution of free samples of smokeless tobacco, and prohibiting tobacco brand name sponsorship of any athletic, musical, or other social or cultural events. Ã¢â¬ (FDA, 2012) These also help to protect the youth of America and help to prevent people from starting to smoke. Public policy effects are the outcomes that come from government regulation. Health advocates predicted that the new FDA standards could eventually reduce toxins and carcinogens in cigarettes or even make cigarettes taste so bad people no longer use them. The problem with this is that it could affect the public that already enjoys smoking. This could also hurt tobacco industries financially and hurt the public who may have to now pay more for cigarettes. Works Cited FDA. (2012, December 21). Tobacco Products. Retrieved from U. S. Food and Drug Administration: http://www. fda. gov/TobaccoProducts/ProtectingKidsfromTobacco/default. htm Lawrence, A. T. , Weber, J. (2011). Business and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. How to cite Government and Tabacoo Industry, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Revenue and Tax Law. Answer: Residence and source The facts of the instant case are as follows: Fred is an executive of British corporation and a specialist in management consultancy. With an intention to open a branch of his company he arrives in Australia. He takes a property on lease for a period of 12 months in Melbourne. His wife accompanies during his stay in Australia but his teenage sons were left to stay in London as they were pursuing education in college. Fred earns income form an UK property which he has rented and also he earns interest from his investments in France. Fred returns to UK due to his ill health, 11 months after his arrival in Australia. The question to be determined here where he should be considered as an Australian citizen for the purpose of taxation or not. It is relevant here to look into the term resident as has been defined under subsection 6(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act, 1936. According to the provision under the subsection of this Act, a person, who resides in Australia, would be deemed to be an Australian resident if: He has a domicile in Australia He has been in Australia for a period of more than 6 months unless the Commissioner is satisfied that: He does not have intention to take up residence in Australia and He has a place of abode outside Australia (King 2016). Case law: Reid v. The Commissioners of Inland Revenue (1926) In this case it was held that the things which are to be considered for determining whether a person should be considered to be a resident or Australia or not are the quality of their presence and time in Australia (Harding 2012). Behaviour of individual whilst their stay in Australia The behaviour of individuals whilst their stay in Australia is an important factor to be considered for determining whether they should be treated as a resident of Australia or not. If the behaviour of individuals do not change during their stay in Australia and their behaviour is more or less same before their arrival in Australia, then will be considered to be resident of Australia for taxation purpose (Mares 2012). Business ties The factor that a person enters Australia for setting up a business in Australia would be an important factor for determining whether he is a resident of Australia or not. If the person stays for a long time in Australia for establishing a business, he would be considered to be an Australian resident for the purpose of taxation (Dirkis 2012). In the instant case, Fred has arrived in Australia for business purposes. His intention is to establish a branch of his company in Australia. He is himself not much aware of the time required for establishing a branch of his company and he has taken a property on lease in Melbourne for a period of 12 months which may be extended according to emerging circumstances. Moreover, his daily behaviour is similar to his behaviour before his entering into Australia. He has been in Australia for a period of 11 months and he has gone back to UK due to his ill health. He is again required to come back to Australia for fulfilling the business purposes. Under the provisions of the relevant statute and under the prevailing circumstances, he should be considered to be a resident of Australia for taxation purposes. Ordinary income Californian Copper Syndicate Ltd v Harris In this case it has been laid down that when investment owner wants to realize the investment and gets a price higher than the price through which he has acquired it, then the excess of price is not considered to be a profit to be assessed for income tax purposes. But if an owner of a security wants to realize it or convert it, then the excess values obtained may be assessed for the purpose of income tax if it can be shown that the act done by that person is truly for the purpose of doing business (Kheng 2015). There is a thin line of difference between these two classes of cases, and every case has to be determined according to its facts and circumstances (Tiley and Loutzenhiser 2012). Scottish Australian Mining Co Ltd v FC of T In this case, 1771 acres of land was acquired by the taxpayer between 1863 and 1865 mining coal in the property. In 1924, the coal got exhausted and then the taxpayer started to prepare for subdivision and sale of the land. He built some roads, constructed a railway station, gave lands to churches and schools and kept aside some land for parks. The Court took the view that the realisation of the land through the subdivision of land could not be considered as a profit making business scheme. The land was no more viable for carrying out the coal mining and the steps were taken by the company for realising the land. Thus, the companys intention was not to get engaged in the business of selling land. Hence, the Court held that profits acquired out of the sale of the land could not be assessed for the purpose of income tax (Scottish Australian Mining Co Ltd v FC of T, ) In this regard, William J. said the following: It is impossible, I think, to hold that the appellant was engaged in such a business or profit-making undertaking or scheme prior to 1924. The crucial question is therefore whether the facts justify the conclusion that the appellant embarked on such a business or undertaking or scheme in 1924. The facts would, in my opinion, have to be very strong indeed before a Court could be induced to hold that a company which had not purchased or otherwise acquired land for the purpose of profit-making by sale was engaged in the business of selling land and not merely realising it when all that the company had done was to take the necessary steps to realise the land to the best advantage, especially land which had been acquired and used for a different purpose which it was no longer business like to carry out. III. FC of T v Whitfords Beach Pty Ltd In this case, 1584 acres of land was purchased by the taxpayer company (Whitfords) so that fishing sacks on a beach could be accessed by the fishermen who were shareholders of the Company. The Company had no intention to make profit at the time when the company was formed or at the time land was acquired by the company. In 1967, the companys shares were transferred to three development companies. The intention of the development companies was to develop the land and accordingly they altered the constitution of the company. They started working for the development of the land and sold the land. The High Court observed that land has been acquired by the development companies for the purpose of doing business and in pursuance of a profit-making scheme. The venture was truly commercial and therefore any income generated form the subdivision and sale of the land would not be exempted from assessment for income tax purpose. Thus, the High Court held that the profit acquired by the development companies would not considered to be realization of the asset and would be assessed for income tax purposes (FC of T v Whitfords Beach Pty Ltd, ) Statham Anor v FC of T In this case, the Court observed that the main question which was to be determined was whether subdivision of a land amounted to a mere realisation of asset or whether it amounted to a land development business carried out by the owners of the land for the purpose of generating income out of the subdivision and sale of the property. In this case, the Court took a view that the farming land was subdivided and sold for realisation of asset and hence the profit acquired out of such subdivision and sale of the land would not be assessed for the purpose of income tax (Statham Anor v FC of T, ) Casimaty v FC of T In this case, a farming property comprising of 988 acres of land was acquired by a taxpayer from his father. A further 40 acres of land adjacent to it was purchased by the taxpayer subsequently in which he established his homestead. In the subsequent years (around 20 years), he used the property for primary production. But, as his health got deteriorated and his debt got increased, he subdivided the property and sold a large portion of his property. In the period between 1975 and 1993, eight separate subdivisions were carried out. The taxpayer constructed several roads, provided sewerage and water facilities to the relevant blocks. The boundaries were also fenced by the taxpayer (Obst and Hanegbi 2016). The Commissioner sought to assess the income generated from such subdivision and sale of the property for income tax purpose as he was of the view that the taxpayer was conducting a business of subdividing and selling land. The Commissioner observed that the taxpayer had a profit making scheme while conducting such business. An appeal was filed by the taxpayer in the Court. It was held by the Court that the subdivision and sale of the land represented the realisation of asset and the profit out of the sale of the land could not be assessed for the purpose of income tax because he was not carrying out of a business. He was using the land for residential purpose and for the purpose of primary production. Thus, the income generated from the sale of the land was not considered as a profit made out of the conduct of a business and hence he was exempted from paying tax (Casimaty v FC of T, ) Moana Sand Pty Ltd v FC of T In this case, it was held that if a venture involves dual purpose, then if any of the purpose is profit making, then the profit would be assessed for the purpose of income tax. In this case, a land was purchased by the company, Moana Sand Pty Ltd. for the purpose of conducting the business of selling sand on land and then to keep the property under their occupation until they get a good price for the lands subdivision. It was held that the amount which was received on compulsory redemption less the costs incurred on acquiring the land would be assessed for the purpose of imposing tax (Moana Sand Pty Ltd v FC, ) VII. Crow v FC of T In this case it was observed that when various properties were purchased and were subsequently subdivided and sold, there was a repetition in the transactions involved. Moreover, the transactions were being carried out in a systematic way and resembled characteristics of a continuing land development business. Therefore, it was held that the profits acquired out of such transactions would be assessed for imposing tax (Crow v FC of T, ) McCurry and Anor v. FC of T In this case, the Federal Court observed that if the acquisition of a property is done in pursuance of a business dealing with a motive to develop the land and sell it afterwards, then such acquirement of property could not be considered as an investment and the profits out of the development and sale of the property would be assessed for the purpose of income tax. In these kinds of cases, the main or the dominant purpose of the scheme would be an important factor to determine whether the acquirer had a profit making scheme or not. In this particular case, the factor of intention to resell the property was a dominant factor to determine that the acquirer did not have an intention to realize the asset but intended to enter a profit making scheme. Moreover, in this case, the money which was used for the purpose of acquiring the land was borrowed money. From this fact, the Court inferred that there was a high possibility of reselling the land and hence the profit which would be generate d from such resale would not be considered as a realization of asset and would be assessed for the purpose of income tax (McCurry Anor v FC of T) Reference List Casimaty v FC of T ATC 97, p.5135. Crow v FC of T ATC 88, p.4620. Dirkis, M., 2012. '... Nowhere man sitting in his nowhere land': The continuing saga of cross border arbitrage. Revenue Law Journal, 22(1), p.88. FC of T v Whitfords Beach Pty Ltd CLR 150. Harding, C., 2012. Who is a resident of Australia?. Concise Collection of Tax Fundamentals, A, p.181. Kheng, T.K., 2015. 24. Revenue and Tax Law. significance, 4, p.7. King, A., 2016. Mid market focus: The new attribution tax regime for MITs: Part 1. Taxation in Australia, 50(10), p.590. Mares, P., 2012. Temporary migration and its implications for Australia. Papers on Parliament, (57). Moana Sand Pty Ltd v FC ATC 88, p.4897. Obst, W. and Hanegbi, R., 2016. Small-Scale Property Development: GST Implications. Adelaide Law Review, Forthcoming. Scottish Australian Mining Co Ltd v FC of T CLR 81, p.188. Statham Anor v FC of T ATC 89, p.4070. Tiley, J. and Loutzenhiser, G., 2012. Revenue Law: Introduction to UK Tax Law; Income Tax; Capital Gains Tax; Inheritance Tax. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Friday, March 27, 2020
Aquittals essays Abuse of power has never been welcomed by society. Whether it is in the home, on the job, in our schools or in our government, society subjects these abuses of power to investigation and prosecution. The penalties can be a dismissal from their position, court marshal or impeachment for the president. According to Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution, the president shall be removed from the office on impeachment for and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. As we study American history, we see that the saying, history repeats itself appears to be true. For instance, more than 130 years ago, our nation faced the same event that recently occurred: the impeachment of the president of the United States. Although President Andrew Johnson and President Bill Clinton both went through the impeachment process their circumstances surrounding the charges were quite different. President Johnson was not elected, but became president after Lincolns death. President Clintons problems on the other hand were his personal affairs. Congress believed that his behavior toward them and the citizens of the United States was unacceptable. The processes and trials of Johnson and Clinton are different in their reasons for impeachment, the general state of the nation, the difference in the people and the styles of running the office of president. The reasons for impeachment of Johnson and Clinton are very different. President Johnson came into office at one of the most intense periods of our nations history. Not only had a great leader just been assassinated, but the end of a long, tragic war had just come. Congress did not think very highly of Johnson or his ideas about the South and slavery. Through loss of favor and trust and as punishment for Johnsons many votes, Congress voted to impeach him. This was just the method they were looking ...
Saturday, March 7, 2020
2 04CrusadesFacts Essay 2 04CrusadesFacts Essay 1. What is a Crusade? Restore Christian rule over the area. 2. Importance of the Holy Land: sacred for Judaism, Christianity and Islam. For Jews it is the promised homeland. For Christians this is where Jesus lived his life. For Islam Jerusalem is the holiest place on earth Where Muhammad ascended to heaven. 3. Byzantine Emperor: Alexius I Comnenus 4. Roman Catholic Pope: Most powerful figure in Europe. 5. Causes: a. ______all___ wanted forgiveness of sins & access to Christian holy sites. b. ___pope______ wanted to unify Christianity c. _____knights____ wanted adventure and treasure d. _____kings____ wanted more land e. ______merchants___ wanted to expand markets & acquire new products f. _____peasants____wanted freedom from service on the manor 6. Peter the Hermit: organized peasants and stragglers to go out and preach the word of God 7. The Crusades a. First Crusade 1096-1099 The first Crusaders, led by ___Godfrey of bouillon ______________________________, marched from Constantinople through lands held by the Seljuk Turks to Antioch. ___constantinople_______, _____Antioch______, and ____Jerusalem_______ were captured by the Crusaders. The _____Edessa__________ and __the kingdom____________ were set up. Most of the Crusaders who had survived _and __returned home___________________. b. Second Crusade 1147-1149 Enthusiasm for the Crusades was at an __all time high________________. Holy Orders of knights rode and fought, such as_____Teutonic knights___________, __Knights Hospitaller____________, and _____Knights Templar___________. However, crusader attacks were poorly organized, resulting in _____________. Similar to the First Crusade, many Crusaders ____returned home______________. c. Third Crusade 1187-1192 Saladin: thought that the Christian armies were infidels ad needed to be evicted Richard the Lionheart (King Richard I): remained to lead the Christian armies d. Fourth Crusade 1202-1204 This Crusade was started by the Pope, mostly to ____increase________ the authority of the Church. The major accomplishment of this Crusade proved to be ____weakening ___________ the Byzantines enough that they could no longer hold off ______Muslim expantion______________. e. Final Crusades 1217-1272 Crusades #5-8 were ____disorganized_____________ military efforts with _____limited support___________. 8. Overall Outcome of The Crusades: They all Failed 9. ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Crusade: A much debated event
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Varieties of Romanticism in Art - Assignment Example Looking closely at a particular finished artwork can help the viewer to understand important concepts within the given society, such as the relationship between women and men or the political forces at work. By comparing several works of the Romanticist period, one can begin to understand the underlying forces of the period and thus appreciate the individual approaches to a greater degree. Romanticism focused on more direct emotional expression than the highly constructed neoclassicist approach that preceded it. Ã¢â¬Å"An interesting schematic explanation calls romanticism the predominance of imagination over reason and formal rules (classicism) and over the sense of fact or the actual (realism)Ã¢â¬ (Holman & Harmon, 2001). Characteristics of the style identified by Welleck (2003) include a Ã¢â¬Å"revolt against the principles of neo-classicism criticism, the rediscovery of older English literature, the turn toward subjectivity and the worship of external nature slowly prepared during the eighteenth centuryÃ¢â¬ (196). The period idolized the imagination as the highest of human capacities due largely in part to its creative abilities and as a means of reacting to sweeping change in every aspect of life. It also esteemed nature not only because of the creative element inherent in it, but also because of the manifestation of the imagination that could be found with in it in the sense that we create what we see. The world was full of symbols and signs that would portend future events and actions which were knowable through their relationship to the myths and legends of antiquity. Thus, it was not necessary or even fully expressive to remain doggedly true to physical vision. This approach to art can be seen as early as 1781 in the work of Henry Fuseli. In his numerous paintings and drawings, this artist chose to focus on elements of the imagination and its effects on the living experience of the human animal. The Romantic approach can be